雅思英语语法——主谓一致(二)

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发布时间: 2019-07-02

一、剑桥真题例句:

1. Much of the money in this project is being spent on developing the special hardware needed to search many frequencies at once.(C9P23L25)

分析:钱不可数,即使它的很多也不可数,不可数我们就看成单数,因此动词用is。

 

2. With her husband, Pierre Curie, and Henri Becquerel, she was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics, and was then sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.(C9P87L5)

分析:虽然she是和丈夫皮埃尔•居里以及Henri一起获得了1903年的诺贝尔物理学奖,但是由于有with,而with是就前原则,因此动词单复数跟着with前的名词走,这句话其实顺序有调整,改成我们习惯的句式是:she with her husband, Pierre Curie, and Henri Becquerel, was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics.这样是不是就看出来了?

 

3. Fish were a vital commodity in growing towns and cities, where food supplies were a constant concern.(C8P47L16)

分析:有些名词单复数同行,即单复数形式一样。同样的词还有people和sheep。

 

4. How effectively biological control can be pressed into service is proved by the following examples.(C8P94L13)

分析:这句话有两个动词,分别是be和is,一句话不能同时出现两个动词,有的话说明里面嵌入了一个从句。这句话里,从how到service整个从句在整句话中充当主语,因此是主语从句,我们把主语从句看成单数,因此用了is。

 

5. Not only we but also he has seen it.(由于剑桥和九分达人里没有,我们引用了《中考一本解决方案》中的句子。P89)

分析:not only…but also…遵循就近原则,即动词单复数看离它最近的主语,这里he是离动词最近的主语,所以要用单数,所以不是have seen,而是用has seen。

 

二、剑桥真题练习:

1. “Whether they actually did        another matter,” Gharib says.(C7P90L11)

A. is

B. are



 

2. Controlled airspace      that airspace in which FAA regulations apply.(C8P23L33)

A.is

B. are



 

3. He together with his students         to Zhuyuwan Park.(由于剑桥和九分达人里没有,我们引用了《中考一本解决方案》中的句子。P88)

A. has gone

B. have gone



 

4. Either you or he        wrong.(由于剑桥和九分达人里没有,我们引用了《中考一本解决方案》中的句子。P89)

A. is

B. are



 

5. The cattle        sold out. (由于剑桥和九分达人里没有,我们引用了《中考一本解决方案》中的句子。P89)

A. is

B. are




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