雅思英语语法——冠词(一)

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发布时间: 2019-06-19

冠词

冠词是一种虚词,放在名词前面,帮助说明名词的含义。

 

一、冠词的分类

定冠词:a/an

不定冠词:the

 

二、冠词的用法

(一) 不定冠词的用法

1.指人或事物的某一种类(泛指)

She is a girl.

I am a teacher.

Please pass me an apple.

 

2.指某人或某物,但不具体说明是谁或何物

He borrowed a science book from the library.

A Wang is looking for you.

 

3.表示数量“一”,但是没有One强烈(One有强调的意思)

I have an idea.

 

4.用于固定的词组中

A bit, a few, a little, a lot of, a pair of,

For a while…

 

(二) 定冠词的用法

1.特指某人或者某事

The book on the desk is mine.

Beijing is the capital of China.

 

2.指谈话双方都知道的人或物

Where is the teacher?

 

3.指上文出现的人或事

There was a chair by the window.

On the chair sat a young woman with a baby in her arms.

The baby way thin.

 

4.用在世界上独一无二的事物前

the earth, the moon, the sun

 

5.用在序数词和形容词最高级前面

He is always the first to come to school.

the tallest…

 

6.用在某些专有名词前(由普通名词构成的专有名词)

the Great Wall, the Summer Palace

 

7.用在一些习惯用语中

on the day, in the morning, the day after tomorrow, the next day, by the way

 

8.用在江河、湖海、山脉前

the Yellow River, the Pacific Ocean

 

9.用在报纸杂志前

the People’s Daily, the Evening Paper, the Times

 

10.表示某一家人前

The Browns are at home to receive visitors today.

 

11.用在形容词前表示某一类人

the poor, the rich, the blind, the sick…

 

12.定冠词可以表示某一事物内部的某处

The driver always sits in the front of the bus.

 

(三)零冠词的用法

1.专有名词和不可数名词前

China, America, Class Two, milk, oil…

2.复数名词表示一类人或事的时候

We are students.

I like reading stories.

 

3.节日,日期,月份,季节前

Teachers’ Day

Children’s Day

In July

In summer

 

4.称呼或头衔前

We elected him monitor.

 

5.在某些习惯用语的名词前

at noon, at night, at most, at last

In bed, in time, go to school, go to college

 

6.在三餐和球类运动前

play football

have lunch

 

7.科目前

We learn Chinese/Maths


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