A Liberal Education

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发布时间: 2019-06-10

A Liberal Education


托马斯 赫胥黎出身名门,17岁就完成了第一部小说,后来真正投入文学创作,作品涉猎小说、散文、游记、剧本等,代表作有《美丽新世界》《岛》《针锋相对》等。同时,赫胥黎也是一个人文主义者,他对超心理学和哲学和神秘主义感兴趣,被认为是现代思想的领导者。

THOMAS HENRY HUXLEY

A Liberal Education


[A Game of Chess]

Suppose it were perfectly certain that the life and fortune of every one of us would, one day or other, depend upon his winning or losing a game of chess. Don't you think that we should all consider it to be a primary duty to learn at least the names and the moves of the pieces; to have a notion of a gambit, and a keen eye for all the means of giving and getting out of check? Do you not think that we should look with a disapprobation amounting to scorn, upon the father who allowed his son, or the state which allowed its members, to grow up without knowing a pawn from a knight?

假使真的存在这么一种情况,即我们每个人的生命和财产有天要由自己在象棋比赛中的输贏决定,那么,你们不认为我们的首要任务是对象棋进行一定的学习吗?比如,至少要学习每个棋子的名称和走法、掌握开局棋法、谙熟各种“将军”及“被将军”的策略等。另外,如果一个父亲或一个国家放任他的儿子或人民,在长大或成熟后竟不分卒马,那么,你们不认为我们应当对这样的父亲和国家嗤之以鼻吗?

 

词汇:

supposetake for granted or as a given; suppose beforehand.

primarychief, of first importance, of the greatest importance.

notion of a gambit: gambit is a chess opening in which the first player voluntarily gives up a pawn or a piece for the sake of an advanage in position, Hence, a person who possesses the notion of gambit is one who has the ingenious quality to grasp the opportuniteis of life.

 

句子分析:

Suppose it were perfectly certain that the life and fortune of every one of us would, one day or other, depend upon his winning or losing a game of chess.

找出主干:suppose the life and fortune of every man depend upon a game of chess.

 


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