雅思英语语法——定语从句(二)

来源:
浏览量: 120
发布时间: 2019-05-31

一、随堂进阶练习:请分析下面句子结构。

1. At that time, young Edward was beginning to feel the desire for knowing something more about the beasts and birds of which he was so fond.

分析:定语从句里还有一种小语法,即任意介词+which 等于when或where或why,也就是说介词+which在定语从句里不充当成分。这里of which = where,在这里翻译成“他喜欢的地方”,看成虚拟的地点。这里的of来源于be fond of表示“喜欢”的意思。

 

2. He was born in 1814 and was brought up on his father’s farm, in the hard rough way to which peasant children in France are always accustomed.

分析:这句话有两个主句,由and连接,第一个主句是“He was born in 1814”,第二个就是and后面的。第二个主句里嵌入了一个定语从句,“to which peasant children in France are always accustomed”,这里也是介词+which的形式,要能认出来。这个to来源于be accustomed to这个词组,意思表示“习惯于”。

 

3. The weather turned out to be very good, which was more than we could expect.

分析:这个定语从句带有逗号,是非限制性定语从句,但非限制性定语从句是用来形容整个

前面句子的,也就是没有先行词,被修饰的是前面的“The weather turned out to be very good”,这里需要注意下。

 

4. The foreign guests, most of whom were government officials, were warmly welcomed at the airport.

分析:这句话主句是“The foreign guests were warmly welcomed at the airport”,定语从句是“most of whom were government officials”,of是介词,记住介词后面跟which,不跟that,这点要注意。还有就是,根据“介宾”结构,后面要跟宾语,不跟主语,所以用的是whom。

 

5. The famous basketball star who once attracted a lot of attention tried to make a comeback.

分析:这句话主句是“The famous basketball star tried to make a comeback”,去划分句子的时候要保证主句和从句里都有一个动词,主句里的动词是tried,从句是“who once attracted a lot of attention”,从句里的动词是attracted。Who引导的定语从句是用来修饰basketball star的。

 

※注意事项

1. 任意介词+which等于when或where或why,因此也是定语从句的引导词,要能看出来。

2. 介词后面只能跟that,不能跟which,而且which不能指人。


Copyright ©2018 - 2019 南京青梦家教育投资有限公司
犀牛云提供企业云服务
犀牛云提供企业云服务
关注微信
24小时热线电话
025-69816666
在线客服
服务时段 : 8:30-22:00
地址:南京市秦淮区中山东路532号金蝶科技产业园E栋3楼
X
1

QQ设置

3

SKYPE 设置

4

阿里旺旺设置

5

电话号码管理

  •      语言课程
    025-69816666
  •      留学咨询
    025-84530009
6

二维码管理

展开